JISE


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Journal of Information Science and Engineering, Vol. 36 No. 4, pp. 777-794


A NSGA-II Based Energy Efficient Routing Algorithm for Wireless Sensor Networks


MOHIT KUMAR1, SONU MITTAL2 AND MD. AMIR KHUSRU AKHTAR3
1School of Computer and Systems Sciences
2Department of Computer Science and Engineering
Jaipur National University
Jaipur, Rajasthan, 302017 India

3Department of Computing and Information Technology
Usha Martin University
Ranchi, Jharkhand, 835221 India
E-mail: 1mohitsmailbox13@gmail.com; 2sonum7772@rediffmail.com; 3akru2008@gmail.com


Energy conservation has remained as one of the most challenging issue in design of WSNs. Over the years many effective clustering and routing algorithms have been proposed for handling this challenge. In this paper we propose NSGA-2 based routing algorithm for WSN. The routing algorithm has been developed by optimizing two parameters namely transmission distance and total number of hops which are conflicting in nature. We made some changes in NSGA-2, thus ensuring a better convergence rate compared to traditional NSGA-2. Theoretical analysis and grievous simulation demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm. The obtained results were compared with several popular algorithms to validate the superiority of the proposed algorithm in terms of numerous performance metrics.


Keywords: wireless sensor network, clustering, routing, NSGA-2, transmission distance, hops

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