Journal of Information Science and Engineering, Vol. 16 No. 1, pp. 25-40

A Fault-Tolerant Reconfiguration Scheme In the Faulty Star Graph

In this paper, we propose a scheme to identify the maximal fault-free substar-ring. This is the first attempt to derive a reconfiguration scheme with high processor utilization in the faulty n-star graph. The maximal fault-free substar-ring is connected by a ring of fault-free virtual substars and the maximal length of the ring is n(n - 1)(n - 2). Our proposed scheme can tolerate n - 3 faults such that the processor utilization is . This is a near optimal result since the maximal fault-free substar-ring is constructed using all of the possible fault-free (n - 2)-substars. Moreover, our algorithm can still work when the number of faults exceeds n - 3. The simulation results also show that the processor utilization is more than 50% if the number of faults is less than in the n-star graph.

Keywords:
fault tolerance, interconnection network, parallel processing, reconfiguration, star graph